Decentralised planning is suitable for the development of agricultural and allied activities such as animal husbandry, horticulture, fisheries, forestry along with development of village and cottage industries.
This council prepares various developmental plans for agriculture, irrigation, elementary education, road building, social afforestation, fishery, industrialisation, community development etc. State governments are often following the path of ad-hocism as the regular elections of village panchayats and other local bodies are not being held.
Thus, in order to tackle these problems effectively, the planning process in India should be decentralised at the grass root or local level in an appropriate manner.
Loomis  and Bill Kauffman. Decentralised planning can promote active participation of local people in Decentralised planning various local plans and programmes. The DPC will submit draft district development plan to the district administration.
Alexis de TocquevilleFrench historian The word "centralization" came into use in France in as the post- French Revolution French Directory leadership created a new government structure. This has raised a disincentive factor against the popularity of decentralised planning among the non-implementing states.
In many countries, political, economic and administrative responsibilities may be decentralized to the larger urban areas, while rural areas are administered by the central government.
In order to have a successful decentralised planning, the planning machinery in the country must be suitably developed both at the district, sub-division and block level.
It is a very effective process for the expansion of the business organization, like for mergers and acquisitions. Importance of Decentralised Planning in India: The state legislatures can authorise Panchayats to levy, collect and appropriate suitable local taxes and also provide for making grants-in- aid to the Panchayats from the Consolidated Fund of the State.
Cybernetics[ edit ] The use of computers to coordinate production in an optimal fashion has been proposed for socialist economies.
Key Differences Between Centralization and Decentralization The points given below are noteworthy, so far as the difference between centralization and decentralization is concerned: Decentralization strategies must account for the interrelations of global, regional, national, sub-national, and local levels.
At present, due to the increase in competition, managers take the decision regarding for the delegation of authority to the subordinates. Decentralized planning thus is more in turn with the democratic aspirations of the people. In such a decentralized system, there is no single centralized authority that makes decisions on behalf of all the parties.
Decentralization of responsibilities to provinces may be limited only to those provinces or states which want or are capable of handling responsibility. Performance of Decentralised Planning in India: Centralized planning refers to management or organization of an economy by a centralized authority or agency.
So, a balance between these two should be maintained. The appropriate balance of centralization and decentralization should be studied. Such utilisation of non-conventional energy sources requires various agencies which can work in close association with communities in villages and small towns and also can provide necessary technical and financial support from such agencies.
However, the system did not prove a complete success and various shortcomings were noticed. It is in sharp contrast to localized planning or root level planning more commonly known as decentralized planning in which plans are made by those who are going to be directly affected by them and not by absentee bureaucracy sitting in posh offices of the federal capital.
Following are the three important objectives of decentralised planning: A decentralized structure provides a better chance that the organization will maintain self-sufficiency because managers and employees are accustomed to working autonomously.
Those studying the goals and processes of implementing decentralization often use a systems theory approach. Adaptation and flexibility of planning largely depends upon the environment prevailing in each region and sub-region. Thus under the present economic scenario, the decentralised planning is considered as most important strategy in respect of planning for economic development.
These Councils are then entrusted to submit the required estimates of developmental works of different departments and then prepare and implement sub-divisional plan as per the approved outlay. Effective implementation of poverty eradication programme; 2.
Thus due to its involvement with inferior resources only, the performance of decentralised planning as an instrument of development and change is not at all satisfactory. Local level planning agencies assess the needs of people who are able to give their direct input through the Gram Sabhas village-based institutions and the planners subsequently seek to plan accordingly.
Moreover, this can help in building up of various types of community assets, viz. The success of decentralised planning depends much on the implementation of land reform measures viz.
Decentralization brings decision-making back to the sub-national levels. In the absence of effective organisation of marginal and small farmers, agricultural labourers, artisans, scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other backward sections, there is no proper representation of these sections in the local bodies for serving their economic interests.
Decentralization strategies must account for the interrelations of global, regional, national, sub-national, and local levels.
Decentralised planning process is more simple and transparent and thus it has a close link with democracy, co-operation and development. Though it can be hard for some owners to allow this type of flexibility, the rewards can be substantial for both employees and business owners.Decentralized planning thus is more in turn with the democratic aspirations of the people.
The distinguishing point about the two types is the level at which the planning process starts. Each plan involves three essential components. Decentralised Planning Decentralised planning is a system through which planning process is brought close to the people, who are the ultimate target for the development.
It is a multilevel planning system in which planning is attempted at different political, administrative and executive levels. So that. Decentralization is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision-making, are distributed or delegated away from a.
Following the acceptance of the recommendations of the Balwant Rai Mehta Committee, set up inby the National Development Council inthe CD programme was integrally connected to panchayati raj institutions (PRIs), setting the stage for launching of panchayati institutions on a nationwide scale.
Essay # 1.
Introduction to Decentralised Planning in India. Decentralised planning is a kind of percolation of planning activities or process from the Centre to the sub-.
Chapter II DECENTRALISED PLANNING Introduction Decentralised planning refers to the process of planning where some of planning functions and responsibilities of decision-making are delegated from the centre to the lower levels of administration.
As a first.Download